🔰 Wednesday, 26 August 2020 🔰 - Vocabulary


1. Fury (noun) रोष

Meaning:- wild or violent anger.

Synonyms:- acrimony, energy, ferocity

Antonyms:- calm, calmness, glee

Example:- His own revolted town of Mantes was the first object of his fury.


2. Unwilling (adjective) अनिच्छुक

Meaning:- not ready, eager, or prepared to do something.

Synonyms:- afraid, averse, compelled

Antonyms:- eager, enthusiastic

Example:- America will not impose our own style of government on the unwilling.


3. Introspection (noun) आत्मनिरीक्षण

Meaning:- the examination or observation of one’s own mental and emotional processes.

Synonyms:- contemplation, meditation

Example:- Let us proceed at once to test our conclusion by introspection.


4. Orchestrate (verb) योजना बनाना

Meaning:- plan or coordinate the elements of (a situation) to produce a desired effect, especially surreptitiously.

Synonyms:- arrange, coordinate, manage

Antonyms:- disperse, divide

Example:- My work with Rimsky-Korsakov consisted of his giving me pieces of classical music to orchestrate.


5. Tirade (noun) निंदा

Meaning:- a long, angry speech of criticism or accusation.

Synonyms:- denunciation, diatribe

Antonyms:- compliment, praise

Example:- I had listened in a sort of fascination to that tirade of venomous mockery.


6. Credence (noun) विश्वसनीयता

Meaning:- belief in or acceptance of something as true.

Synonyms:- admission, assurance

Antonyms:- denial, disbelief

Example:- It is with great reluctance that we give any credence to this statement.


7. Interim (noun) मध्यकाल

Meaning:- meanwhile.

Synonyms:- provisional, acting

Antonyms:- finished, permanent

Example:- In the interim I had taken a long look at the face on the wall.


8. Senile (adjective) बूढ़ा

Meaning:- (of a person) having or showing the weaknesses or diseases of old age, especially a loss of mental faculties.

Synonyms:- aged, ancient, anile

Antonyms:- alert, well, young

Example:- Infantile paradoxy is, however, very different to senile paradoxy.


9. Gloss over (phrasal verb) छिपाना

Meaning:- to treat or describe (something, such as a serious problem or error) as if it were not important

Synonyms:- bypass, discard, disregard

Antonyms:- attend, regard

Example:- They draw this distinction when it is too late, and use it as a quibble to gloss over their fault.


10. Vilify (verb) गाली देना

Meaning:- speak or write about in an abusively disparaging manner.

Synonyms:- assail, berate, damn

Antonyms:- approve, cherish, commend

Example:- “Even that may be more pardonable than to vilify a good one,” said Mary.


11. Deflect (verb) मोड़ना

Meaning:- cause (something) to change direction; turn aside from a straight course.

Synonyms:- avert, bend, cover up

Antonyms:- stay, straighten

Example:- The novel like its style coloured, but did not deflect, the stream of English literature.


12. Staunch (adjective) निष्ठावान

Meaning:- very loyal and committed in attitude.

Synonyms:- ardent, loyal, reliable, stalwart

Antonyms:- disloyal, undependable, unreliable

Example:- The staunch old gentleman was still in his trust; had never left it.


13. Degenerative (adjective) अपक्षयी

Meaning:- of or tending to decline and deterioration.

Synonyms:- backward, deteriorating, regressive

Antonyms:- improving, progressive, expanding

Example:- These organisms were described as “Laveran’s degenerative forms.”


14. Affliction (noun) यातना

Meaning:- a cause of pain or harm.


15. Crippling (adjective) गंभीर

Meaning:- causing a person to become unable to walk or move properly.

Synonyms:- debilitate, hamstring, hurt

Antonyms:- aid, assist, cure

Example:- He tossed Vulcan over a nearby cliff, crippling him for good.


16. Disingenuous (adjective) कपटी

Meaning:- not candid or sincere, typically by pretending that one knows less about something than one really does.

Synonyms:- deceitful, dishonest, false

Antonyms:- fair, frank

Example:-This expedient of mine, disingenuous as it was, was successful.

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